Signs Of Poisoning In Dogs
May 13, 2021
If you believe your dog has been poisoned, you can call the following numbers to get immediate help:
ASPCA Poison Control 426-4435
Pet Poison Helpline 213-6680
A consultation fee may apply for the above services.
Ensure that your personal veterinarian is updated with any procedures or possible antidotes your dog may be given to better care for them after.
Keeping your dog safe should be your number one priority and we are here to help!
My Pet Dog Drank Coffee What To Do
Suppose your dog finds its way to your coffee nook and gets a helping of coffee, coffee grounds, or chocolate-covered espresso beans its best to contact your veterinarian immediately.
If your veterinarian is unavailable, you can bring your dog to the nearest emergency facility or contact the Pet Poison Helpline at 1-800-213-6680. Although Pet Poison Helpline charges a fee for their services, that amount goes a long way since Pet Poison Helpline is available 24/7 to help.
Caffeine poisoning is a life-threatening condition that shouldnt be taken lightlyyour pets chances of survival increase with early detection and treatment.
Overview: Is Coffee Bad For Dogs
Well get into the specifics below, but the short answer here is no coffee is not safe for dogs to consume. You can certainly name your dog after your favorite caffeinated beverage, but you dont want to let them drink it.
The caffeine in coffee is a stimulant, which affects dogs negatively. For humans, a caffeinated cup of coffee might jumpstart your morning, but dogs are a lot more sensitive to caffeine than humans are. What might jolt you awake in the mornings could raise your dogs heart rate to a dangerous level.
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Is Coffee Safe For Dogs
No! Caffeine is not suitable for dogs. It doesnt matter whether its in coffee, tea, soda, or energy drinkscaffeine is a no-no!
Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant from a group of drugs called methylxanthines. It is the world’s most widely consumed psychoactive drug.. Another stimulant derived from xanthines is theobromine, which is present in chocolate . Theobromine is known to be a blood vessel widener and a diuretic.
Unfortunately, most households will have coffee in their kitchen or pantry. And not just coffee, but tea, soda, and possibly even energy drinks or sports drinks. Other sources of caffeine include chocolate, protein powders, and some diet pills. If your dog is the curious type, theres every chance he could attempt to sample these.
The Risks Of Giving Your Dog Caffeine
Dogs are much more sensitive to the effects of caffeine than their owners. Caffeine can rapidly increase a dogs heart rate. While a few drops of coffee probably wont affect him too much, anything more could be life threatening.
Caffeine poisoning in dogs can have serious consequences. Symptoms include hyperactivity, tremors, and an elevated heart rate. Dogs can also suffer from seizures, high temperature, and may even collapse. These symptoms can occur within just 12 hours of his ingesting the caffeine. Even minor amounts of coffee grounds or tea bags can be poisonous and possibly even fatal, especially for smaller dogs.
Other caffeinated substances that must be off limits to your dog include:
Caffeine poisoning is not as common as chocolate poisoning, but its still possible.
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What Should I Do If My Dog Ate Food Containing Caffeine
The treatment is aimed at reducing the effects of caffeine on the dogs cardiovascular and central nervous systems. The treatment protocol will depend on how severe your dogs condition is.
If your pet ingested a caffeine-containing product or chocolate and youre unsure how much, what type, or when it occurred, its best to bring your pet into the vet immediately. Your vet can safely induce vomiting and perform a complete exam, listen to the heart, check the blood pressure, and treat any symptoms that may be present. Be sure to bring any package labels, candy wrappers, and pill bottles with you so they can get a better idea of what was eaten and how much toxin may have been ingested.
Caffeine and theobromine can take DAYS to be fully eliminated from the system, so removing as much as possible via vomiting, giving medications to absorb remaining toxins, and possibly giving your pet IV fluids to help them flush out their system and urinate often will help and can be lifesaving! You should never induce vomiting without any advice from your veterinarian. Aspiration pneumonia is a potential risk if induced vomiting is done incorrectly.
Your pet may also need medications to reduce their blood pressure, control seizures and tremors, reduce nausea and diarrhea, and keep them calm.
What To Do If Your Pet Ingests Something Toxic
If you suspect your dog has ingested a toxic substance, call your veterinarian immediately. If your vet is not available, seek help from the the Pet Poison Helpline at 855-289-0358. The hotline’s service is available 24 hours a day, every day.
*A fee is billed by Pet Poison Helpline. PPH is not affiliated with Nationwide pet insurance.
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Why Is Chocolate Bad For Dogs
Chocolate contains two ingredients that are toxic to dogs: caffeine and theobromine. These two substances are chemically similar, and collectively referred to as methylxanthines.
When a dog eats chocolate, caffeine and theobromine are absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and enter the bloodstream. When distributed throughout the body, these methylxanthines have a number of harmful impacts.
Caffeine and theobromine exert their most serious negative effects on the nervous system and the heart. They can also negatively affect the kidneys, muscles, and the gastrointestinal tract.
My Doggo Sipped The Morning Joe Is Coffee Bad For Pets
Coffee is the life blood of most humans, and that morning pick-me-up is a must before heading out to face the day. Coffee is something that is easily accessible, and that means that it may also be within easy reach for a curious canine or other family pet. Add cream and sugar, and whats more of an allure to our whiskered and tailed friends?
But is coffee bad for pets? And what should you do if you catch your pet licking up the java? Your friends at Oakland Veterinary Referral Services are here to clarify why this common substance can turn into a trip to the vet.
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Commons Sources Of Caffeine
Of course, coffee is not the only source of caffeine that many people keep in their households. These other common sources of caffeine could also pose a danger to dogs if not properly stored and kept out of your canine companions reach:
Most people name coffee as the number one source of caffeine and they would be right, we also cannot forget about those energy or sports drinks in the fridge, Romero said.
Caffeine Poisoning In Dogs
Dog owners should beware of caffeine poisoning as this concern has no antidote! Caffeine is a highly toxic for dogs and for other pets although this substance can be safely consumed by humans. Coffee, tea, chocolate are some of the food items that contain caffeine. Caffeine is an ingredient added to soft drinks and sodas to give the beverage a pleasant bitter taste. Dogs eat anything thus owners have to be vigilant in keeping the dog away from drinking coffee, tea and chocolate and also from eating coffee beans and coffee grounds.
Caffeine is a substance present in coffee beans, cacao beans and tea. Coffee has gained worldwide acceptance as a favorite adult drink. Apart from the voracious appetite dogs are also indiscriminate eaters thus stomach upset and poisoning are common occurrences. It is common for the pet to ingest the food eaten by the family thus caffeine poisoning is more common in pets of coffee drinkers. Dogs love to beg for food and owners cannot resist the pleading looks of the dog thus coffee and other people foods will be shared with the dog. The contents of trash cans seem to be very interesting even to well fed dogs. Caffeine poisoning can occur when the dog eats the coffee grounds from the trash.
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Coffee Pods Beans And Grounds
The popular single-serve coffee pod brewers have turned our kitchens into instant coffee bars packed with those nifty coffee pods. Some of us like to keep them on the countertop for easy access. With the introduction of a variety of good-smelling flavors, these coffee pods are enticing to pets.
Coffee beans, grounds and brewed coffee contain caffeine, a very dangerous and toxic chemical to cats and dogs. Ingestion can be life threatening. According to the Pet Poison Helpline, a moderate amount of coffee can easily cause death in small dogs or cats. Be careful where you store your coffee â and your discarded grounds. Make sure your pet canât gain access to whatâs inside your trash can.
Other caffeinated substances to keep pets away from: chocolate, tea, tea bags, soda, energy drinks, weightlifter substances and diet pills.
Diagnosis Of Caffeine Poisoning In Dogs
Once you take your dog to visit the veterinarian for the ingestion of caffeine, the veterinarian will ask questions pertaining to the time frame of your dog consuming the food or drink item that contained the drug, the quantity you suspect he ingested, and any other questions to give the medical professional an idea of your dogs condition. The veterinarian may take blood work and a urinalysis for testing to confirm the exposure to caffeine. The veterinarian may also test your dogs plasma and the contents of the stomach fluid, which will allow the veterinarian to make a definitive diagnosis.
The veterinarian will need to rule out any other conditions, especially if you are not sure that he consumed an item with caffeine in it. Differential diagnoses may include the ingestion of chocolate, ephedrine, amphetamines, nicotine, lead, pesticides, and any other item that would present the same symptoms of toxicity.
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Upset Stomach And Other Gi Issues
Overall, many things can upset your dogs stomach and cause them to have stomach aches, bloating, nausea, throwing up, diarrhea, and constipation. Be on the look out for blood in any of their throw up or droppings. Excessive water loss through vomiting or diarrhea can lead to kidney failure.
They may also lose their appetite and have some of the above mentioned signs, as well. If your dog continues to throw up, do not feed or water them and call your veterinarian.
How Does Caffeine Impact Them
To understand how caffeine impacts dogs, think about how you would feel after drinking two or three large coffee cups at once. The reason we drink coffee is to experience a much-needed energy kick.
Well, that same energy kick occurs in dogs. However, dogs and their organism cannot handle the sudden energy surge the same way the human body can. In simpler words, dogs are more sensitive to caffeine than people.
As explained, coffee grounds contain caffeine which is a powerful stimulant from the methylxanthine family. Caffeine has a stimulating effect on the dogs heart and brain.
According to VCA Hospitals caffeine can damage major organs like the liver, heart, kidneys, lungs, and central nervous system.
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Tips To Keep Your Dog Safe
- Even plants that are not potentially toxic to animals should be kept out of their reach
- Make your kitchen a no dog area, this prevents them from going in to pick up any ingredients you may drop while cooking
- Keep your trash can in an area that they can not get to or have a locking lid
- Keep all dangerous items out of reach
- Have the emergency contact numbers posted on the fridge for the whole family to have access to
- Keep all of your dogs records and information in one area that is easy to access incase you need to grab the file and head to the emergency clinic
- Keeping an unopened and fresh bottle of hydrogen peroxide can be used to induce vomiting. Again, never do this unless specifically advised to do so
- Dawn dish soap is great to used for some contact toxins
- Keep human medications locked away, as they can be harmful for children, as well
- Talk to your family about the signs of poisoning and how dog poisoning can effect your pets
What To Do If Your Dog Eats Chocolate
A veterinarian or veterinary technician can assess whether your dogs chocolate ingestion is likely to have toxic effects, and determine whether your dog needs emergency treatment.
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Treatment Of Caffeine Poisoning In Pets
Induce vomiting is a treatment often administered when a person swallows something poisonous. Its the same for dogs. However, its best to let your vet handle this. Aside from inducing vomiting, treatment may also include:
- Activated charcoal to minimize absorption of toxins
- Intravenous fluids to keep your dog hydrated and help flush out the toxins
- Medication to lower blood pressure, stabilize heart rate and treat seizures or tremors
- Your veterinarian may require hospitalization for severe cases
How Much Caffeine Will Harm Your Dog
It depends on the weight of your dog and the amount of caffeine she ingested.
One or two sips of coffee probably won’t major clinical signs, but the ingestion of a weight loss pill could potentially be fatal to your dog, Dr. Wigfall said. The toxic dose in dogs is approximately 140 milograms/kilograms, but each dog is different, so signs may be seen at lower doses.
Keep in mind that every dog will react to coffee differently, which means that even just a few sips can make her sick so its best to have your pup stay away from it.
And while your dogs body weight and the amount of caffeine ingested play a part in the severity of her reaction, its always better to be safe and seek professional advice if your dog has eaten anything that may have contained caffeine.
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My Dog Ate Coffee Grounds What Do I Do
Now that you know the effects of caffeine on your pet, heres what comes next. With the guidance of your vet or a professional on the Pet Poison Helpline, you will have to act fast to induce vomiting.
To make your dog vomit safely, you will need 3% hydrogen peroxide and something to inject it with like a syringe or turkey baster.
Better yet, have these things in a pre-made pet first-aid kit. For a full list of what should be in your pet first aid kit, check out our blog post on the subject.
After the fact, the vet might recommend you bring them into the animal hospital for supportive iv fluid therapy. This helps prevent dehydration and to flush out whatever toxins are leftover in your dogs body.
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While the perfect cup of coffee in the morning might get you through the day, its NOT a ritual you should be sharing with your pup.
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What Should I Do If My Dog Drank Coffee
If you think your dog has ingested caffeine, either by drinking coffee, eating coffee grounds, or consuming some other type of caffeine product, bring your dog to a veterinarian immediately. The vet can properly assess the symptoms of caffeine poisoning and administer treatment.
Depending on the severity, the pet may need to be hospitalized for several days for continuous observation, Romero said. Treatment often includes inducing vomiting, checking blood parameters to monitor organ function, heart rate and blood pressure monitoring, medications for tremors and seizures if those symptoms are present, monitoring heart rhythm, and IV fluid therapy.
If your veterinarian is not available, contact a pet poison control center immediately and bring your dog to the nearest emergency facility. Once your dogs condition is stabilized and they begin to recover, schedule a follow up with your veterinarian as soon as possible to ensure your dogs health has not been significantly compromised.
Treating Caffeine Toxicity In Pets
Depending on how quickly youre able to bring your pet in, your veterinarian may be able to induce vomiting to prevent further absorption of the caffeine, Meeks says. Both experts advise against trying to induce vomiting on your own. It could lead to aspiration pneumonia if done incorrectly, Meeks says. Its much safer to do in the clinical setting.
If your veterinarian cannot induce vomiting in time, he or she may give your pet intravenous fluids to help flush the caffeine from the body, Mazzaferro says. Your veterinarian may also administer medications to control abnormal heart rhythms, slow a dangerously elevated heart rate, and control tremors and seizures.
It takes about 24 to 48 hours for the caffeine to pass through the animals system, Meeks says. As long as they get treatment in a timely manner, most pets will survive.
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